CONTINUATION OF THE RENEWED COVENANT
You shall make no molded gods for yourselves. “The Feast of Unleavened Bread you shall keep. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, in the appointed time of the month of Abib; for in the month of Abib you came out from Egypt. “All that open the womb are Mine, and every male firstborn among your livestock, whether ox or sheep. But the firstborn of a donkey you shall redeem with a lamb. And if you will not redeem him, then you shall break his neck. All the firstborn of your sons you shall redeem. “And none shall appear before Me empty-handed. “Six days you shall work, but on the seventh day you shall rest; in plowing time and in harvest you shall rest. “And you shall observe the Feast of Weeks, of the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the Feast of Ingathering at the year’s end.“ Three times in the year all your men shall appear before the Lord, the Lord God of Israel. For I will cast out the nations before you and enlarge your borders; neither will any man covet your land when you go up to appear before the Lord your God three times in the year. “You shall not offer the blood of My sacrifice with leaven, nor shall the sacrifice of the Feast of the Passover be left until morning. “The first of the firstfruits of your land you shall bring to the house of the Lord your God. You shall not boil a young goat in its mother’s milk.” Then the Lord said to Moses, “Write these words, for according to the tenor of these words I have made a covenant with you and with Israel.” So he was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights; he neither ate bread nor drank water. And He wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments. (Exodus 34:17-28)
While God was repeating what He had earlier told Moses, we can note three important statement that are in the text, First, No one should come before Him empty. This means that you must remember to think of what it means to honor God. When you honor God, you want to thank God with something that is substantial, something that shows that everything He had done for you is well appreciated. When God told David to offer to Him at the field of Ornan the Jebusite, and he approached the owner of the Land and the man wanted to give it to him free, David told him that he cannot offer to God what will cost him nothing. He must pay for the Land in order to use it to offer to God. (1 Chronicles 21:22-27). This is what it means NOT to come before Him Empty-handed. In the new testament, Paul admonishes the believers to offer their body as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God which is our reasonable sacrifice. This is going beyond giving Him, a gift like the best of your cattle, sheep, goat of fruits, but giving yourself as written in Romans 12 which says “I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that you present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your reasonable service. And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what is that good and acceptable and perfect will of God (1-2). Giving yourself to Him is the perfect gift that can be offered to Him. This means that everything you do or say must show that you are His.
The second thing is that three Feasts are established here and these Feasts mark the three times they must com before Him with their substance. Feast of unleavened bread which mark the celebration of the time they were set free from bondage in Egypt. Then there is the Feast of weeks, when they are harvesting their crops, and the Feast of Ingathering which is the end of the year. God is always reminding His people the importance of focusing on Him because He is the Deliverer, the Protector, and the Provider. He is the Sovereign God over all situations. The Psalmist says “Let everything that has breath praise the Lord.” We should thank Him all the days of our lives not only on those specific occasions but every day.
Lastly, we must not boil a young goat in his mother’s milk. That is you must not forget the hand that fed you .You must not forget your God as He is the only One that is responsible for your existence. It also means that one should not forget those that have helped us along the way, We need to show appreciation to all of them. The entire section is teaching us to learn how to give to God, appreciate Him and never forget Him. May the Lord continue to make us remember that God is our All in All. He is our All Sufficient God. Remain Blessed.